Hebrews 9:27 And as it is appointed for men to die once, but after this the judgment,


When studying the Judgment day it is necessary to study them within the context of biblical teaching about the end times or eschatology.


I. The Judgment day

[Note: There are several words translated “judgment.” There are many types of judgments mentioned in the Bible. The main words for judgment are translated several ways, including condemnation. A few years back brother James Orten presented a topic on judging. He recognized the need to limit the scope of his remarks. Since my topic specifies the “day” of judgment or Judgment Day, I am focusing on that aspect alone.]

A. It should come as no surprise to anyone that premillennialists need several judgments. (Three or more)

Leon Crouch writes: “From the margins and footnotes in the Scofield Reference Bible one would be led to expect at least three judgments. The first one is spoken of as “the sheep and goat judgment” based on Matthew 25:31-46; the second is referred to as “the judgment seat of Christ” judgment and is based on Romans 14:10 and 2 Corinthians 5:10; the third is “the great white throne judgment” based on Revelation 20:11-15. Many others have accepted these three judgments as factual. A few have found room for 4, 5, 6, or 7 judgments still to come.” –An Introduction to Eschatology

1. Sheep and Goat judgment

Matthew 25:31-32 “When the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the holy angels with Him, then He will sit on the throne of His glory. All the nations will be gathered before Him, and He will separate them one from another, as a shepherd divides his sheep from the goats.

a. “All nations” (No reason to exclude the nation of Israel)

b. “All nations” cannot be limited to Israel.

c. There is no reason that this could not refer to one judgment day.

2. Judgment seat of Christ

2 Corinthians 5:10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one may receive the things done in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad.

Leon Crouch writes: “Those who follow the notes in Scofield’s Bible believe that Christians will be removed from earth to be ‘sifted’ before the judgment seat of Christ…According to some of those who hold to several judgments, the Jewish people are undergoing a judgment of the great tribulation at the same time as the Christians are being sifted.” (Ibid)

He explains: “Second Corinthians 5:10 is in a context where Paul is telling his readers that he is determined to be pleasing to God whether he is still in the physical body or not. He and all others must appear before Christ’s tribunal…Nothing appears in this context to indicate a separate judgment from that of Matthew 25, the general judgment when all people will be involved.” (Ibid)

3. Great White Throne Judgment

Revelation 20:11-12 Then I saw a great white throne and Him who sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away. And there was found no place for them. And I saw the dead, small and great, standing before God, and books were opened. And another book was opened, which is the Book of Life. And the dead were judged according to their works, by the things which were written in the books.

a. Because these are all called “dead” some have inferred that this judgment is only for the lost.

b. That is not a necessary inference.

1) All that can really be inferred here is that the resurrection will take place before judgment.

2) If the point of the passage were that these were the lost, “spiritually dead,” then why open the book of life?

3) The passage implies a “searching for names” in the book of life. Why?

2 Timothy 2:19 Nevertheless the solid foundation of God stands, having this seal: “The Lord knows those who are His,” and, “Let everyone who names the name of Christ depart from iniquity.”

c. There is nothing in this passage that indicates a separate judgment from the general judgment that will involve all nations, all people.

B. What does the Bible say?

1. There is a “day” of judgment.

Acts 17:30-31 Truly, these times of ignorance God overlooked, but now commands all men everywhere to repent, because He has appointed a day on which He will judge the world in righteousness by the Man whom He has ordained. He has given assurance of this to all by raising Him from the dead.”

Matthew 10:15 Assuredly, I say to you, it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment than for that city!

Matthew 11:22 But I say to you, it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon in the day of judgment than for you.

Matthew 11:24 But I say to you that it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment than for you.”

Matthew 12:36 But I say to you that for every idle word men may speak, they will give account of it in the day of judgment.

2 Peter 2:9 then the Lord knows how to deliver the godly out of temptations and to reserve the unjust under punishment for the day of judgment,

2 Peter 3:7 But the heavens and the earth which are now preserved by the same word, are reserved for fire until the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men.

1 John 4:17 Love has been perfected among us in this: that we may have boldness in the day of judgment; because as He is, so are we in this world.

2. A “Great day”

Jude 6 And the angels who did not keep their proper domain, but left their own abode, He has reserved in everlasting chains under darkness for the judgment of the great day;

3. “Day of wrath”

Romans 2:5-6 But in accordance with your hardness and your impenitent heart you are treasuring up for yourself wrath in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God, who “will render to each one according to his deeds”:

4. Sometimes just called “That day”

2 Timothy 1:12 For this reason I also suffer these things; nevertheless I am not ashamed, for I know whom I have believed and am persuaded that He is able to keep what I have committed to Him until that Day.

2 Timothy 4:7-8 I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith. Finally, there is laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will give to me on that Day, and not to me only but also to all who have loved His appearing.

5. The day of the Lord

2 Peter 3:8-10 But, beloved, do not forget this one thing, that with the Lord one day is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. The Lord is not slack concerning His promise, as some count slackness, but is longsuffering toward us, not willing that any should perish but that all should come to repentance. But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night, in which the heavens will pass away with a great noise, and the elements will melt with fervent heat; both the earth and the works that are in it will be burned up.

6. It is the last day.

John 12:48 He who rejects Me, and does not receive My words, has that which judges him— the word that I have spoken will judge him in the last day.

6. The same day as the resurrection.

John 6:39 This is the will of the Father who sent Me, that of all He has given Me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up at the last day.

a. On that day…

1) All those in the grave will come forth.

John 5:28-29 Do not marvel at this; for the hour is coming in which all who are in the graves will hear His voiceand come forth— those who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of condemnation.

2) Those that have not died will be changed.

1 Corinthians 15:50-54 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; nor does corruption inherit incorruption. Behold, I tell you a mystery: We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed— in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality. So when this corruptible has put on incorruption, and this mortal has put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written: “Death is swallowed up in victory.”

3) All will be “raptured” (caught up) together to face judgment. (Everyone has to get there somehow!)

2 Corinthians 5:10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one may receive the things done in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad.

4) All will receive their eternal verdict.

Matthew 25:46 And these will go away into everlasting punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.”

5) Those not found in the book of life will face the “second death.”

Revelation 20:15 And anyone not found written in the Book of Life was cast into the lake of fire.

Revelation 21:8 But the cowardly, unbelieving, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.”

6) Those that have their name blotted out of the book of life will face the same consequence.

Revelation 3:5 He who overcomes shall be clothed in white garments, and I will not blot out his name from the Book of Life; but I will confess his name before My Father and before His angels.

Revelation 22:19 and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part from the Book of Life, from the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.

b. Then comes the end.

1 Corinthians 15:24-26 Then comes the end, when He delivers the kingdom to God the Father, when He puts an end to all rule and all authority and power. For He must reign till He has put all enemies under His feet. The last enemy that will be destroyed is death.

c. On the last day the last enemy is destroyed, which is death.

Revelation 20:14 Then Death and Hades were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.

Revelation 21:4 And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes; there shall be no more death, nor sorrow, nor crying. There shall be no more pain, for the former things have passed away.”


As the old hymn says: “There’s a Great Day coming, a Great Day coming. There’s a Great Day coming bye and bye, when the saint and the sinner shall be parted right and left. Are you ready for that day to come?

God help us all to be as determined as Paul to be ready for that great day!

2 Corinthians 5:8-10 We are confident, yes, well pleased rather to be absent from the body and to be present with the Lord. Therefore we make it our aim, whether present or absent, to be well pleasing to Him. For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one may receive the things done in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad.